Table of Contents
Table of Contents

Trigeminal Neuralgia

Have you heard of a disease that causes excruciating pain in the face?

Have you heard of the trigeminal nerve?

Is the trigeminal nerve one of the cranial nerves?

So many queries. But no worries, because we have answers to all your doubts.

But first things first, the trigeminal nerve is the fifth pair of cranial nerves. One of them traverses the right side of the face whereas the other traverses the left side.

The trigeminal nerve takes account of feeling sensations in the face. It is a sensory nerve that splits into three divisions namely – ophthalmic, maxillary, and mandibular.

Now coming to trigeminal neuralgia, let us find out more about it.

Know more about Trigeminal Neuralgia

Now that we know about the trigeminal nerve we are acquainted with its functions. It carries facial sensations from the face to the brain.

Neuralgia means pain in the entire course of a nerve. Therefore the trigeminal nerve is a disease wherein the person experiences agonizing pain along the route of the trigeminal nerve, which is the face.

The pain may be reminiscent of an electric shock.

Pain elicited by any action on the face that is brushing, applying cream, talking, laughing, eating, etc. All actions that we perform on the face elicit pain as the trigeminal nerve runs on either side of the face.

Causes of Trigeminal Neuralgia

When would a nerve cause pain?

When the nerve undergoes trauma.

The trigeminal nerve at the base of the brain when gets pressed by a blood vessel, it causes pain.

Trigeminal neuralgia can also occur when the myelin sheath of the nerve gets destroyed or as a result of diseases like multiple sclerosis.

Therefore, it is easier to say that trauma to the trigeminal nerve causes trigeminal nerve. This trauma could also be due to tumors pressing against the nerve or even injuries to the nerve. A stroke can also trigger this disease.

Signs and Symptoms of Trigeminal Neuralgia

A patient with trigeminal neuralgia may present with the following symptoms :

  • Aching pain on the sides of the face
  • Agony lasts from a few minutes to hours
  • Pain especially on the gums, teeth, cheek, and jaw area
  • Pain reminiscent of an electric shock
  • Pain while brushing, talking, laughing, etc.

The symptoms may also vary based on the degree of pressure and trauma on the trigeminal nerve.

Ayurvedic Treatment for Trigeminal Neuralgia

One disease among the sarvagata roga is vataparyaya. This disease is correlated to trigeminal neuralgia. Vataparyaya is a disease caused due to vata dosha. The vitiated vata gets aggravated in the face and causes pain and swelling.

The following treatments can be administered in patients with trigeminal neuralgia :

  • Langhana (fasting) for four days
  • Snehapana (internal administration of oil) on the fifth day with Triphala ghrta
  • Mild sudation
  • Siravyadha – puncturing the vein in the forehead region
  • Purgation
  • Dhumapanam with Guggulu (inhalation of medicated smoke)
  • Nasya (instillation of medicated nasal drops)

The treatment can be altered depending on the condition of the patient and the disease.

AyurVAID Approach

Apollo AyurVaid is the National Quality Winner in India, an achievement that speaks for itself. Having treated lakhs of patients, people find Apollo AyurVaid reliable as they provide only the best treatments.

From diagnosing the disease to planning the perfect treatment protocol for every disease, Apollo Ayurvaid is anything but careless.

The care and warmth with which they treat their patients are unmatchable. They have an integrative approach to treatment, thus elevating the prognosis of the disease.

Frequently Asked Questions

What function does the trigeminal nerve perform ?
Out of the twelve pairs of cranial nerves, the trigeminal nerve is the fifth pair. One of them traverses the right side of the face whereas the other traverses the left side. The trigeminal nerve takes account of feeling sensations in the face.
Name the divisions of the trigeminal nerve
It is a sensory nerve that splits into three divisions namely - ophthalmic, maxillary, and mandibular.
What causes trigeminal neuralgia ?
The trigeminal nerve at the base of the brain when gets pressed by a blood vessel, it causes pain.

Trigeminal neuralgia can also occur when the myelin sheath of the nerve gets destroyed or as a result of diseases like multiple sclerosis.

Therefore it is easier to say that trauma to the trigeminal nerve causes trigeminal nerve. This trauma could be also due to tumors pressing against the nerve or even injuries to the nerve. A stroke can also trigger this disease.
What is the Ayurvedic interpretation of trigeminal neuralgia ?
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There is a group of diseases in Ayurveda known as sarvagata roga that comprises diseases of the face. One disease among the sarvagata roga is vataparyaya. This disease is correlated to trigeminal neuralgia.
Mention the ayurvedic methods of treating trigeminal neuralgia
The following treatments can be administered in patients with trigeminal neuralgia :
● Langhana (fasting) for four days
● Snehapana (internal administration of oil) on the fifth day with Triphala ghrta
● Mild sudation
● Siravyadha - puncturing the vein in the forehead region
● Purgation
● Dhumapanam with Guggulu (inhalation of medicated smoke)
● Nasya (instillation of medicated nasal drops)

The treatment can be altered depending on the condition of the patient and the disease.

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