We know the pancreas as a leaf-shaped organ resting below the liver. It is a structure of interesting relevance, mainly because of its mixed nature- it takes part in metabolic activities such as digestion, and also secrete hormones like insulin and glucagon. Any kind of inflammation of the pancreas is known as pancreatitis. Based on its chronicity, pancreatitis is divided into two-
Acute pancreatitis is the sudden inflammation of the pancreas. Common causes for this condition are trauma, gallbladder stones, multi-system diseases, alcoholism, mumps, certain cancers, certain medicines, certain poisons, eating disorders, etc. This may occur in episodes and lead to chronic pancreatitis. Acute pancreatitis can be mild or severe. Severe acute pancreatitis can be lethal and can cause organ damage.
Chronic pancreatitis is the persistent inflammation of the pancreas that interferes with the functions of the same. It is often irreversible. Alcoholism, smoking, tumors, autoimmune disorders, long-standing gallstones, etc are reported to be the causes of chronic pancreatitis. In a small percentage of the population, heredity also plays a role.
The global incidence of acute and chronic pancreatitis respectively are 5-35 per 1 lakh people and 4-8 per 1 lakh people.
Some common signs and symptoms of acute pancreatitis-
Signs and symptoms of chronic pancreatitis-
Complications of pancreatitis often include shock, kidney failure, diabetes mellitus, pancreatic abscess, infection, and bleeding.
Imaging techniques such as X-ray, MRI, or CT scan can reveal stones and calcification of the pancreas. They also tell us about the degree of inflammation. Pancreatic function tests can be done to assess the production of digestive enzymes like amylase and lipase. Through ERCP, a kind of endoscopy, the physician will be able to visualize the pancreatic and bile ducts. A biopsy can also be taken.
Inflammation, burning sensation, intense digestive fire- we can see pitta written all over a pancreatitis case. According to Ayurveda, pancreatitis, mainly the chronic one, can be correlated to Grahani roga. Vata getting vitiated by pitta is said to be the key cause here, and hence, the treatment should be focused on managing them. The treatment principles of shula (colic) and sopha (swelling) are to be adopted. Agni or the digestive fire, is a main factor determining the impact of inflammation, just like pitta. In pancreatitis, the Agni tends to be teekshna (intense- caused by pitta), and this has to be managed right away. Since pitta is the major dosha impaired, panchakarma procedures like virechana (purgation) will help control the same. Vasti with yashtimadhu or dashamoola ksheera is also found to be helpful in pancreatitis. Dietary changes so as to curb pitta are to be maintained. For this, one can avoid spicy, alkaline, sharp, and pungent food, and rely on sweet, bitter food with cooling properties. Smoking and alcohol intake are to be avoided.
When managed properly, pancreatitis is never a nightmare. Here at AyurVAID, we approach such conditions with proper Ayurvedic means and help you recover completely. AyurVAID is a pristine institution that bears the virtue of Ayurveda. Our doctors, skilled and proficient in their field, are here to help you by providing you with comfort and reassurance. In-depth assessment of the condition, precise diagnosis, thorough samprapti vighatana (breaking the disease pathway), properly planned prakriti-oriented treatment, quality procedures, safe and hygienic environment, etc are our peculiarities. We offer you complete care for the conditions that ail you.