The palatine tonsils are subepitheilal lymphoid collection situated in between faucal pillars. These help in protecting the respiratory and alimentary tracts form bacterial invasion and are thus prove to frequent attacks of infection. The inflammation of tonsils is said to be tonsillitis. It is classified into acute and chronic tonsillitis.
Acute tonsillitis occurs as a primary infection of tonsil, or secondary to upper respiratory tract viral infections - Poor oral hygiene, poor nutrition and congested surroundings.
Chronic tonsillitis occurs due recurrent acute infection & inadequate treatment.
- Difficulty swallowing
- Sore throat
- Fever, chills
- Tenderness of the jaw and throat
- Head ache
- Body ache
- Ear ache
- Voice changes, loss of voice
Tonsillitis is very common, especially in children.
On examination, the doctor will look in the mouth and throat for swollen tonsils. The tonsils are usually red and may have white spots on them. The lymph nodes in the jaw and neck may be swollen and tender to the touch. Tests that may be done include Blood count, Mononucleosis test, Rapid strep test, Throat swab culture. (Ref: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002038/)
Nidhana & Samprapthi
The vitiated kapha and raktha doshas causes a big cystic swelling resembling the fruit of vana karpasa, the associated symptoms are burning sensation, pricking pain in the throat and with suppurative.
Kavala, Gandusha, Dhooma and Nasya. If the disease is not controlled by shamana chikitsa, shastra chikitsa like Galashundi has to be done (chedana - Tonsillectomy).
- Reduction in signs & symptoms
- Less chance of recurrence