Kidney Diseases


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kidney diseases

The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist. They are located just below the rib cage, one on each side of your spine.


Healthy kidneys filter about a half cup of blood every minute, removing wastes and extra water to make urine. The urine flows from the kidneys to the bladder through two thin tubes of muscle called ureters, one on each side of your bladder. Your bladder stores urine. Your kidneys, ureters, and bladder are part of your urinary tract.

Your kidneys remove wastes and extra fluid from your body. Your kidneys also remove acid that is produced by the cells of your body and maintain a healthy balance of water, salts, and minerals—such as sodium, calcium, phosphorus, and potassium—in your blood.


Without this balance, nerves, muscles, and other tissues in your body may not work normally.

  • Your kidneys also make hormones that help
  • Control your blood pressure
  • Make red blood cells
  • Keep your bones strong and healthy

Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease

What is acquired cystic kidney disease?

kidney diseases

Acquired cystic kidney disease happens when a person's kidneys develop fluid-filled sacs, called cysts, over time. Acquired cystic kidney disease is not the same as polycystic kidney disease (PKD), another disease that causes the kidneys to develop multiple cysts.

Acquired cystic kidney disease occurs in children and adults who have chronic kidney disease (CKD)—a condition that develops over many years and may lead to end-stage kidney disease, or ESRD. The kidneys of people with CKD gradually lose their ability to filter wastes, extra salt, and fluid from the blood properly.

End-stage kidney disease—total and permanent kidney failure that requires a kidney transplant or blood-filtering treatments called dialysis.

The cysts are more likely to develop in people who are on kidney dialysis. The chance of developing acquired cystic kidney disease increases with the number of years a person is on dialysis. However, the cysts are caused by CKD or kidney failure, not dialysis treatments.

Acquired cystic kidney disease happens when a person's kidneys develop fluid-filled sacs called cysts.

Acquired cystic kidney disease differs from PKD in several ways. Unlike acquired cystic kidney disease, PKD is a genetic, or inherited, disorder that can cause complications such as high blood pressure and problems with blood vessels in the brain and heart.


The following chart lists the differences:


People with Polycystic Kidney Disease


  • are born with a gene that causes the disease
  • have enlarged kidneys
  • develop cysts in the liver and other parts of the body

People with Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease


  • do not have a disease-causing gene
  • have kidneys that are normal-sized or smaller
  • do not form cysts in other parts of the body

In addition, for people with PKD, the presence of cysts marks the onset of their disease, while people with acquired cystic kidney disease already have CKD when they develop cysts.

Researchers do not fully understand what causes cysts to grow in the kidneys of people with CKD. The fact that these cysts occur only in the kidneys and not in other parts of the body, as in PKD, indicates that the processes that lead to cyst formation take place primarily inside the kidneys.

Ayurveda understands the imbalances of Doshas, primarily: Kapha Pitta and Vata to an extent, in presence of an imbalanced agni will vitiate the dhatus/tissue and lead to Granthi/Cystic formation.

Disclaimer: * Outcomes may vary from person to person